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What Are The Logical Operation Metafunctions In Modern C++?

Metaprogramming is another great feature of modern C++ that allows programs to redesign itself during compilation or run time. In C++17, another new feature about metaprogramming is introduced, logical operation metafunctions. These are variadic metafunctions that are  conjunctiondisjunction, and negation which can be used for metaprogramming features of applications. In this post, we explain what logical operation metafunctions are.

What are the logical operation metafunctions in modern C++?

Modern C++ has metaprogramming abilities which is a programming technique that a program can be compiled to read, create, analyse or transfer other program codes or it can compile itself, it can change the way of running codes while running.

In C++17, new variadic metafunctions are released for metaprogramming, these are  conjunctionconjunction_v, disjunction, disjunction_v, and negation, negation_v. These traits short-circuit in the metaprogramming sense: template specializations that are not required to determine the result are not instantiated.

What is conjunction metafunction in modern C++?

In C++, conjunction (std::conjunction) or conjunction_v (std::conjunction_v) are a type trait that is defined in <type_traits> header that is used to design the logical conjunction between classes (data types, structs, classes). It is a kind of  logical template of AND on a variadic pack of values.

Here is the simple definition of std::conjunction:

Here is the simple definition of std::conjunction_v which is a template of conjunction<...>::value,

Is there a simple example about conjunction in C++?

Here is a simple example which shows how you can use conjunction in C++.

You can find more details and examples about std::conjunction here,

What is disjunction (disjunction) metafunction in C++?

In C++, disjunction (std::disjunction) or disjunction_v (std::disjunction_v) are a type trait that is defined in <type_traits> header that is used to design the logical disjunction between classes (data types, structs, classes). It is a kind of  logical template of OR on a variadic pack of values.

Here is the simple definition of std::disjunction,

Here is the simple definition of std::disjunction_v which is a template of disjunction<...>::value,

Is there a simple example about disjunction?

Here is a simple example how you can use disjunction in C++.

Here above, std::conjunction<Int2, Int4>::value evaluates to true, which corresponds to the logical AND of Int2::value (2) and Int4::value (4) . The short-circuit behavior of std::conjunction ensures that it stops evaluating as soon as it encounters a false value, similar to how logical AND works.

You can find more details and examples about C++’s std::conjunction here:

What is negation (std::negation) metafunction in modern C++?

In C++, negation (std::negation) or negation_v (std::negation_v) are a type trait that is defined in <type_traits> header that is used to design the logical negation between classes (data types, structs, classes). It is a kind of  logical template of NOT on a variadic pack of values.

Here is the simple definition of std::conjunction,

Is there a simple example about negation (std::negation) in C++?

Here is a simple example how you can use std::negation,

You can find more details and examples about std::negation here,

Is there a full example about logical operation metafunctions in modern C++?

Here is a full example about logical operation metafunctions in modern C++,

For more new details about std::set, you can check this paper P0013R1

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About author

Dr. Yilmaz Yoru has 35+ years of coding with more than 30+ programming languages, mostly C++ on Windows, Android, Mac-OS, iOS, Linux, and some other operating systems. He graduated and received his MSc and PhD degrees from the Department of Mechanical Engineering of Eskisehir Osmangazi University. He is the founder and CEO of ESENJA LLC Company. His interests are Programming, Thermodynamics, Fluid Mechanics, Artificial Intelligence, 2D & 3D Designs, and high-end innovations.
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