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Tutorial: Easily Learn To Use optional In Modern C++ On Windows

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Optional definition (std::optional) manages an optional contained value, i.e. a value that may or may not be present. This class template comes with C++17 standard, it is used with CLANG and other C++ compilers which has this standard. A common use case for optional is the return value of a function that may fail. Any instance of optional<T> at any given point in time either contains a value or does not contain a value. If an optional<T> contains a value, the value is guaranteed to be allocated as part of the optional object footprint, i.e. no dynamic memory allocation ever takes place. Thus, an optional object models an object, not a pointer, even though operator*() and operator->() are defined.

C++ Builder supports C++17 standards with its CLANG compiler and Bcc Compiler. Optional can be used to define any type of variables as below;

An optional variable can be checked by has_value() method if it has a value or not.

Value optional variable can be obtained by value() property and or value_or(0) method that returns 0 if no value. This C++ Builder VCL Windows application example below explains all;

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About author

33+ years of coding with more than 30+ programming languages, mostly C++ on Windows, Android, Mac-OS, iOS, Linux and some other operating systems. Dr. Yilmaz Yoru was born in 1974, Eskisehir-Turkey. He graduated from the department of Mechanical Engineering of Eskisehir Osmangazi University in 1997. One year later he started to work in the same university as an assistant. He received his MSc and PhD degrees from the same department of the same university. He has married and he is a father of a son. Some of his interests are Programming, Thermodynamics, Fluid Mechanics and Artificial Intelligence. He also likes the graphical 2D & 3D design and high-end innovations.
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