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How To Use std::thread In Modern C++?

How To Use stdthread In Modern C++

In modern mathematics, physics, and computer science; optimized and faster app development in programming is very important to speed up computations. CPUs and GPUs are highly evolved by the number of cores and transistors to give more computational power to today’s servers and computers. Thus, we can use more cores and threads in our applications by using std::thread. We can use the std::thread class in multi-thread operations, and in this post, we explain how to use std::thread and how can we use it with modern C++ examples.

Artificial Intelligence, Image – Video processing, computational mechanics, fluid dynamics, etc. etc. requires using all cores in many threads. The std::thread class is a special class defined in <thread> header in the concurrency support library that comes with C++11.

Let’s see how it works with some very simple examples.

What is std::thread in modern C++?

In modern C++, a concurrency support library is designed to solve problems in multi-thread operations. This library includes built-in support for threads (std::thread), atomic operations (std::atomic), mutual exclusion (std::mutex), condition variables (std::condition_variable), and many other features.

The std::thread class is a special class defined in <thread> header that comes with C++11, and it allows multiple functions to execute and represents a single thread of execution concurrently.

We can use the join() method of the thread that waits for the thread to finish its execution. Here when we call the join method, the thread object becomes non-joinable and can be destroyed safely, returns when the thread execution has completed.

Let’s see how we can use std::thread in different function definitions.

Is there an example of running a function using std::thread in modern C++?

Here is a very simple example that runs myf() function in one single thread myt.

Is there an example about running class method with std::thread in modern C++?

Here is a std::thread example that runs myf() function in a class object o1,

Here is another good example how you can use more threads with a thread vector.

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About author

Dr. Yilmaz Yoru has 35+ years of coding with more than 30+ programming languages, mostly C++ on Windows, Android, Mac-OS, iOS, Linux, and some other operating systems. He graduated and received his MSc and PhD degrees from the Department of Mechanical Engineering of Eskisehir Osmangazi University. He is the founder and CEO of ESENJA LLC Company. His interests are Programming, Thermodynamics, Fluid Mechanics, Artificial Intelligence, 2D & 3D Designs, and high-end innovations.
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