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Typical Declaration Of A Copy Assignment Operator Without std::swap

Typical Declaration Of A Copy Assignment Operator Without stdswap

Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) is a method of mapping real-world objects and data to computer functions and data structures. Classes and Objects are part of object-oriented methods and typically provide features such as properties and methods. One of the features of an OOP IDE is the copy assignment operator that is used with “operator=” to create a new object from an existing one. In this post, we explain what the typical declaration of copy assignment operator is along with some C++ examples.

What are classes and objects in C++?

Classes are defined in C++ using the keyword class followed by the name of the class. Classes are the blueprint for the objects and they are user-defined data types that we can use in our program. Objects are an instantiation of a class, In C++ programming, because it is designed to be strongly object oriented most of the commands are associated with classes and objects, along with their attributes and methods. Here is a simple class example below.

What is copy assignment operator in C++?

The Copy Assignment Operator in a class is a non-template non-static member function that is declared with the “operator=“. When you create a class or a type that is copy assignable (that you can copy with the = operator symbol), it must have a public copy assignment operator. Here is a simple syntax for the typical declaration of a copy assignment operator when the copy and swap idiom is not used,

Syntax.

Here is an example in a class.

What is typical declaration of a copy assignment operator without std::swap?

Let’s give a simple C++ example of the typical declaration of a copy assignment operator with std::swap.

And here is how you can use this “=” copy assignment operator:

Is there a full example of the declaration of a copy assignment operator without std::swap in C++?

An example with a copy assignment operator in a class.

Here is the output.

As you see, in Modern C++, we can specialize the “=” operator with what to copy or not, with the copy assignment operator.

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About author

Dr. Yilmaz Yoru has 35+ years of coding with more than 30+ programming languages, mostly C++ on Windows, Android, Mac-OS, iOS, Linux, and some other operating systems. He graduated and received his MSc and PhD degrees from the Department of Mechanical Engineering of Eskisehir Osmangazi University. He is the founder and CEO of ESENJA LLC Company. His interests are Programming, Thermodynamics, Fluid Mechanics, Artificial Intelligence, 2D & 3D Designs, and high-end innovations.
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