How can I get a GetTempPath from the operating system? How we can use GetTempPath Method in C++? How can I easily find the location of the Temp Directory? Let’s answer these questions.
C++ Builder has a lot of specific methods in its SysUtils library that is included in vcl and fmx libraries. Some of these are grouped as Path Manipulation Routines which allow the user to edit, extract, get and set drive name, directory name, file name, file extensions among other things. These methods are combined in Vcl.FileCtrl, System.IOUtils, System.SysUtils libraries. These methods are easy to use and make it simple to get or set file path strings in the operating system. These can be used with other component properties like FileName property of OpenDialog, SaveDialog components. We can also check drives, files or directories to see if they are exist or not in that given path. We can also get a temp directory path from the operating system to use in our programs as a safe place to store transient or volatile working information which we want to remove when we are finished with it.
Let’s see how we can use GetTempPath Method in C++ Builder.
What is the GetTempPath method?
The GetTempPath method (System:IOUtils:TPath:GetTempPath) is a Path Manipulation Routine that returns the path to a directory to store temporary files. This directory is a system-managed location; files saved here may be deleted between application sessions or system restarts. You cannot – and should not – count on it being safe to store anything between launches of your program.
If the system running your application does not support the requested folder, or if the requested folder does not exist in the system, this function returns an empty string instead. GetTempPath points to the following locations on the various platforms:
- On Windows, OS X, and Linux it points to a system-wide directory.
- On iOS and Android, it points to a user-specific, application-specific directory.
|Windows XP||C:\Documents and Settings\<User name>\Local Settings\Temp|
|Windows Vista or later||C:\Users\<User name>\AppData\Local\Temp|
|OS X||/var/folders/<random folder name>|
|iOS Device||/private/var/mobile/Applications/<application ID>/tmp|
|iOS Simulator||/Users/<username>/Library/Application Support/iPhone Simulator/<SDK version>/Applications/<application ID>/tmp|
What is the Syntax of the GetTempPath method in Modern C++?
Here is the Syntax of GetTempPath() Method,
UnicodeString __fastcall GetTempPath();
Is there a simple example of using the GetTempPath Method in Modern C++?
GetTempPath() Method returns a UnicodeString, We can get Temp Path of the system from a given path string as below,
path = TPath::GetTempPath();
Memo1->Lines->Add( "GetTempPath: " + path); // ShowMessage(path);
What about a full Example of how to use the GetTempPath Method in Modern C++?
Here is the full C++ Builder VCL example with the Memo (TMemo) component below,
#pragma resource "*.dfm"
__fastcall TForm1::TForm1(TComponent* Owner) : TForm(Owner)
String path = TPath::GetTempPath();
In addition, we can get Home Folder Path by using GetHomePath Method. We can also get all Environment Variables by using the GetEnvironmentVariable Method. These methods will be explained in another posts.
Where can I learn more about path manipulation routines in C and C++?
Click the following dynamic search link to see other examples of path manipulation routines on this blog: https://learncplusplus.org/?s=path
C++ Builder is the easiest and fastest C and C++ IDE for building simple or professional applications on the Windows, MacOS, iOS & Android operating systems. It is also easy for beginners to learn with its wide range of samples, tutorials, help files, and LSP support for code. RAD Studio’s C++ Builder version comes with the award-winning VCL framework for high-performance native Windows apps and the powerful FireMonkey (FMX) framework for cross-platform UIs.
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